Maximum Benefits and Contributions Limits for 2018 to 2023 (Posted on October 24, 2022 by )


Carol V. Calhoun, Counsel
Venable LLP
600 Massachusetts Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20001
Phone: (202) 344-4715
Fax: (202) 344-8300
Mobile: (202) 441-5592
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Carol V. Calhoun

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Type of Limitation 2023 2022 2021 2020 2019 2018
Elective Deferrals (401(k) and 403(b); not including adjustments and catch-ups) $22,500 $20,500 $19,500 $19,500 $19,000 $18,500
457(b)(2) and 457(c)(1) Limits (not including catch-ups) $22,500 $20,500 $19,500 $19,500 $19,000 $18,500
Section 414(v) Catch-Up Deferrals to 401(k), 403(b), 457(b), or SARSEP Plans $7,500 $6,500 $6,500 $6,500 $6,000 $6,000
Defined Benefit Plans $265,000 $245,000 $230,000 $230,000 $225,000 $220,000
Defined Contribution Plans (annual additions limit) $66,000 $61,000 $58,000 $57,000 $56,000 $55,000
Annual Compensation Limit $330,000 $305,000 $290,000 $285,000 $280,000 $275,000
Annual Compensation Limit for Grandfathered Participants in Governmental Plans Which Followed 401(a)(17) Limits (With Indexing) on July 1, 1993 $490,000 $450,000 $430,000 $425,000 $415,000 $405,000
Highly Compensated Employee (“HCEs”) $150,000 $135,000 $130,000 $130,000 $125,000 $120,000
Key Employee/Officer $215,000 $200,000 $185,000 $185,000 $180,000 $175,000
Individual Retirement Accounts (“IRAs”), for individuals 49 and below $6,500 $6,000 $6,000 $6,000 $6,000 $5,500
Individual Retirement Accounts (“IRAs”), for individuals 50 and above $7,500 $7,000 $7,000 $7,000 $7,000 $6,500
SIMPLE Retirement Accounts $15,500 $14,000 $13,500 $13,500 $13,000 $12,500
SEP Coverage $750 $650 $650 $600 $600 $600
SEP Compensation $330,000 $305,000 $290,000 $285,000 $280,000 $275,000
Tax Credit ESOP Maximum Balance $1,330,000 $1,230,000 $1,165,000 $1,150,000 $1,130,000 $1,105,000
Amount for Lengthening of 5-Year ESOP Period $265,000 $245,000 $230,000 $230,000 $225,000 $220,000
Maximum Amount for Qualified Longevity Annuity Contract Purchases $155,000 $145,000 $135,000 $135,000 $130,000 $130,000
Income Subject to Social Security Tax $160,200 $147,000 $142,800 $137,700 $132,900 $128,400
FICA Tax for employers 7.65% 7.65% 7.65% 7.65% 7.65% 7.65%
FICA Tax for employees 7.65% 7.65% 7.65% 7.65% 7.65% 7.65%
Social Security Tax for employers 6.2% 6.2% 6.2% 6.2% 6.2% 6.2%
Social Security Tax for employees 6.2% 6.2% 6.2% 6.2% 6.2% 6.2%
Medicare Tax for employees and employers 1.45% 1.45% 1.45% 1.45% 1.45% 1.45%
SECA Tax for self-employed workers 15.3% 15.3% 15.3% 15.3% 15.3% 15.3%
Social Security Tax for self-employed workers 12.4% 12.4% 12.4% 12.4% 12.4% 12.4%
Medicare Tax for self-employed workers 2.9% 2.9% 2.9% 2.9% 2.9% 2.9%
Footnotes:
7. This number is only the catch-up available under Code section 414(v). Code sections 457(b)(3) and 402(g) provide separate catch-up rules, which must also be considered in appropriate cases.
8. Beginning in 2013, there is also a 0.9 percent Additional Medicare Tax that applies to an individual’s wages, Railroad Retirement Tax Act compensation, and self-employment income that exceeds a threshold amount based on the individual’s filing status. The threshold amounts are $250,000 for married taxpayers who file jointly, $125,000 for married taxpayers who file separately, and $200,000 for all other taxpayers. An employer is responsible for withholding the Additional Medicare Tax from wages or compensation it pays to an employee in excess of $200,000 in a calendar year.
This number is only the catch-up available under Code section 414(v). Code sections 457(b)(3) and 402(g) provide separate catch-up rules, which must also be considered in appropriate cases.
Beginning in 2013, there is also a 0.9 percent Additional Medicare Tax that applies to an individual’s wages, Railroad Retirement Tax Act compensation, and self-employment income that exceeds a threshold amount based on the individual’s filing status. The threshold amounts are $250,000 for married taxpayers who file jointly, $125,000 for married taxpayers who file separately, and $200,000 for all other taxpayers. An employer is responsible for withholding the Additional Medicare Tax from wages or compensation it pays to an employee in excess of $200,000 in a calendar year.